Knowing Peru, from its impressive Inca ruins, Altipláno settlements, colonial cities and countless spectacular natural scenarios make up the destinations proposed in this compilation of the best tourist places in Peru.
To travel to Peru is to awaken pending dreams, is to connect with oneself, is to enter in 5000 years of alive history. Get ready to dominate waves on totora ponies, surfboards and enjoy sunsets in oasis with protective dunes. In the mountains, with the sound of Quenas in the wind, you breathe the pure air of the Andes and contemplate with devotion the harmony of Man with nature in Machu Picchu. The Amazon River welcomes you with pink dolphins and invites you to dance, to be free. To travel the regions of Peru is to enjoy a mestizo gastronomy, unique and recognized in the world. If the heart says yes, dare to visit.
Places to Know
Lima is the perfect harmony between traditional and contemporary architecture. Archaeological sites and mansions with balconies coexist with modern buildings. In 1991, its historic center was declared a Cultural heritage of humanity: its artistic monuments were to be protected.
Lima is also the only South American capital with exit to the sea. Its beaches are perfect for surfers and on their piers, the soft breeze refreshes bike rides and hikes. You can also fly in paragliding on the Pacific Ocean.
A city with lineage, founded in 1535, the abundance of natural products, the fusion of techniques and cultures, forged in centuries a gastronomy with mestizo identity. For the excellent quality and passion of Peruvian cooks, Lima has been named gastronomic Capital of Latin America.
Lima, is love at first sight for those who want to have experiences and a unique experience.
Location: In the central west coast of Peru.
Extension: Lima Metropolitana: 2672.3 km ²
Port, Sea and islands It is the obligatory route of commercial entry and exit of Peru. It has houses of beautiful balconies, museums, churches and the fortress of Real Felipe, which resisted wars and pirate attacks. In addition to its tradition, in Callao you can enjoy the lively nature of the Palomino and San Lorenzo Islands, or on its pebble beaches.
It is just a few minutes from Lima.
Location: West coast of Peru. 14 km from the center of Lima.
Extension: 158 Km2.
Stately and volcanic Arequipa is the city of Sillar (Piedra Blanca), with destinations such as snow-capped volcanoes such as El Misti, deep canyons such as the Cotahuasi and the Colca, a renowned gastronomy, coves and beaches.
Nestled between the coast and the Southern Highlands of Peru to the Andes. It contains the Pico Nevado Ampato (6,288 masl), Chachani (6,075 masl) and Misti (5,825 MASL).
Extension: 63,345 km2
Altarpiece of art and nature, land of artisans who keep alive the pottery tradition of the ancient Wari in coveted altarpieces, and a rosary of churches and mansions of marked colonial architecture with invaluable canvases and altars trace the outline of this land of historical moments and places, such as the Pampa de Ayacucho, where continental independence was sealed. Huamanga, called Ayacucho by Simón Bolívar, is a sanctuary that deserves to visit people by village, with passion and without fear to discover the peculiar pleasure for nostalgic music Ayacucho.
Location: Sierra Central of Peru. Crossed by two mountain ranges that divide it into three geographic units: from High Plains to the south, from abrupt highlands to the center and tropical rainforest to the northeast.
Extension: 43,814 km2.
Machu Picchu is an Inca city surrounded by temples, terraces and water channels, built in the top of a mountain. Its construction was built with large blocks of stone attached to each other without the use of amalgam. Nowadays it is considered cultural patrimony of the humanity to be recognized as important political, religious and administrative center of the Inca era.
Where is it located?
Machu Picchu, which means «old mountain» in Castilian, is the most famous Inca citadel in the world. Located 110 kilometers northeast of Cusco, in the province of Urubamba, this architectural jewel is surrounded by temples, terraces and water channels.
History and architecture
Built in the 15th century, possibly at the request of the Inca Pachacuteq, Machu Picchu is divided into two main sectors: the agricultural one comprising a vast network of artificial terraces and the urban, formed by various constructions and squares between which The Temple of the Sun, the temple of the three windows, the main temple and the Temple of the Condor stand out.
Its constructions follow the classic Inca style: buildings with stone walls polished in rectangular form, joined together without the use of amalgams, doors and trapezoidal windows.
Declared a Cultural and Natural patrimony of humanity by UNESCO, being considered as an important religious, political and administrative center of the Inca era.
Machu Picchu was interconnected with the entire Inca empire through the Qhapac Ñan, known route of the Inca roads.
The average height of the Citadel is 2 450 Mts above the sea level temperature ranges between 6.2 ° and 29.5 °, since it is located in a subtropical area. Its rainy months are from November to March.
The Enponte Arquitectura comprises about 140 structures throughout the citadel, the mountains of Huayna Picchu and Machu Picchu are ideal for panoramic photographs of the entire architectural complex.
Its discovery is due to the researcher Hiram Bingham III who was looking for the last capital of the Inca Vilcabamba, Machu Picchu was declared «historical Sanctuary of Peru» in the year 1981.